Thesis Ben Romdhane Racem

Ben Romdhane Racem

Assessment of the effectiveness of bovine paratuberculosis control strategies: genetic selection or reduction of exposure in herds

Abstract :

Paratuberculosis (PTB) is an endemic disease of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map). Current control strategies are not effective enough. The response to Map exposure varies between animals with evidence of a partial genetic determinism. Genetic markers could allow selection. The objective was to assess the potential expected effectiveness of control strategies relying on genetic selection or reduction of exposure in herds, using a modelling approach.
We identified four phenotypic traits of resistance mainly influencing the spread of Map at the herd scale and showed the added value of their simultaneous improvement. We evaluated the effect of the herd environment and management on the spread and control of Map. We showed a difference in effectiveness of the most relevant control strategies between two contrasting dairy cattle systems in Europe: western France and Ireland. We evaluated the effectiveness of
genomic selection by assessing the time required to reach levels of variation in the selected traits allowing to achieve a good control of infection, assuming that associated genomic markers could be available. Effectiveness of selection was mainly influenced by 2 of the parameters of the developed genomic selection model. Our model allows to account for future knowledge about the genetic determinism of cattle resistance to Map in order to assess the effectiveness of
complex control strategies including a genomic selection component.

Key words :

Epidemiological modelling, Bovine paratuberculosis, Control strategies, Genomic selection, Herd scale.

Modification date : 11 September 2023 | Publication date : 07 February 2018 | Redactor : ML